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Acronyms/Glossary

AFB

Air Force Base

AFCEC

Air Force Civil Engineer Center

Perform technical work for the Air Force

Aquifer

A zone of soil or rock below the ground surface capable of producing water.

AOI

area of interest

The area over which the EDB plume covers, and is affected as well as the surrounding areas being monitored on and off base.

Attenuate

Physical, chemical or biological processes that naturally reduce the mass, toxicity, mobility, volume or concentration of contaminants in the environment.

BFF

Bulk Fuels Facility

BGS

below ground surface

Biodegradation

The breaking down of compounds by microorganisms.

Bioslurping

A treatment approach that inserts a tube into the free-product layer and uses a pump to pull out liquid (to include free-product) and soil gas. These materials are then cleaned up at the surface through a technology like soil vapor extraction. Aerobic degradation of contaminants is enhanced by adding air to the subsurface environment.

BTEX

Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, Xylene

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations

CME

Corrective Measures Evaluation

Before choosing a cleanup approach or set of final remedies, a range of measures will be analyzed and evaluated for their advantages and disadvantages relative to site-specific conditions. Corrective Measures may address air, soil, sediment, surface water, or groundwater. Significant public participation is encouraged during this portion of the corrective action process.

Corrective Action

The cleanup process or program under RCRA and all activities related to investigation, characterization, and cleanup of a release of hazardous wastes or hazardous waste constituents. The term may also refer to a specific action taken to remediate contamination at a given facility.

CSM

Conceptual Site Model

A planning tool used to organize information about a site and to identify additional information needed to achieve project goals, such as cleanup. In a risk assessment, this involves identifying sources, media, receptors, fate and transport pathways, and exposure pathways.

Dissolved Phase

The part of hydrocarbon contamination which has partitioned, or broken down, into a body of water.

Ecological Risk Assessment

The process for evaluating how likely it is that the environment may be impacted because of exposure to one or more environmental stressors such as chemicals, land change, disease, invasive species and climate change.

EDB

ethylene dibromide

A colorless, heavy, synthetic liquid that was primarily used in anti-knock gasoline mixtures, particularly aviation fuel. The maximum contaminant level for EDB in groundwater is 0.05 micrograms per liter (or 0.05 parts per billion), as defined by the NMED and EPA.

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

ERP

Environmental Restoration Program

Programs directed by the DoD to perform remedial activities, and test new technology for major environmental issues.

Fate and transport

A term used to discuss the movement of chemical contaminants through water or air, the synergistic effects of the contaminants in that environment, and the eventual disposition of that contaminant.

FFOR

Former Fuel Offloading Rack

FRA

fuel-related analytes

GWM

groundwater monitoring

GWTS

groundwater treatment system

A water treatment process that is used to treat polluted groundwater by removing the pollutants or converting them into harmless products.

Human Health Risk Assessment

The process to estimate the nature and probability of adverse health effects in humans who may be exposed to chemicals in contaminated environmental media, now or in the future.

ICE

internal combustion engine

Part of the SVE system that was in place for 12 years beginning in 2003.

IM

Interim measure

Actions necessary to minimize or prevent the further migration of contaminants and limit actual or potential human and environmental exposure to contaminants while long-term corrective action remedies are evaluated and, if necessary, implanted. An interim measure is a step preceding the final corrective measures and often occurring while site characterization is underway.

In situ

Where contaminated material(s) are treated, in place, without prior excavation or extraction from the ground.

KAFB

Kirtland Air Force Base

LNAPL

light non-aqueous phase liquid

The term for fuel that has been released into the environment from infrastructure.

MCL

Maximum Contaminant Level

Standards that are set by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for drinking water quality. An "MCL" is the legal limit on the amount of substances that is allowed in public water systems under the Safe Drinking Water Act.

NMAC

New Mexico Administrative Code

NMED

New Mexico Environment Department

RA

Risk assessment

The process to estimate the nature and probability of adverse health effects in humans who may be exposed to chemicals in contaminated environmental media, now or in the future.

RCRA

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

The principle federal law in the United States governing the disposal of solid waste and hazardous waste.

Remediation

An action taken to improve a contaminated site in order to prevent, minimize, or mitigate damage to human health or the environment. Remediation includes the development and application of a planned approach that removes, destroys, contains or otherwise reduces the availability of contaminants.

RFI

RCRA Facility Investigation

ROI

radius of influence

The area that could be affected by containments or chemicals.

RSL

Regional Screening Level

Regional screening level tables are used by risk assessors for comparison values for residential and commercial exposures to soil, air, and tap water (drinking water). The use of "RSL"'s promotes national consistency.

SDWA

Safe Drinking Water Act

SL

Screening Level

SSL

Soil Screening Level

SVE

soil vapor extraction

Soil vapor extraction (SVE) is a physical treatment process for remediation sites of possibly dangerous contaminants in vadose zone soils. This process decreases the chemicals in the vadose zone to avoid groundwater contamination.

SVEW

soil vapor extraction well

SVM

soil vapor monitoring

SVMP

soil vapor monitoring point

SVMW

soil vapor monitoring well

SVOC

semi-volatile organic compounds

Semi-volatile organic compounds are a subgroup of chemicalsthat tend to have a higher molecular weight and higher boiling point temperature. "SVOC"s are of concern because of their abundance in the indoor environment and their potential for negative health effects on humans.

TOC

total organic carbon

The amount of carbon found in an organic compound which is often used as a non-specific indicator of water quality or cleanliness of manufacturing equipment.

USACE

United States Army Corps of Engineers

A U.S. federal agency under the Department of Defense and a major Army command that performs public engineering, design, and construction managementagencies. Although generally associated with dams, canals and flood protection in the United States, USACE is involved in a wide range of public works throughout the world including the remedial project of the BFF jet fuel leak on Kirtland Air Force Base.

USGS

United States Geological Survey

VA

Veterans Affairs

Vadose Zone

soil area above the water table that is partly filled with both air and water

VISL

Vapor Intrusion Screening Level

VOC

volatile organic compound